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Мир, Любовь и Благополучие - всем живущим на планете Земля!

Русские цари

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ЯЗЫЧЕСКОЕ ИМЯ РУССКОГО КРЕСТЬЯНИНА
Видел серьезное исследование, показывающее, что во второй половине XIX века, когда встал вопрос об освобождении и переписи, русские крестьяне имели, в основном (как бы не 60-80%), нецерковные имена: Карп, Комар, Кабан и т.д. Пытаясь понизить значение этого факта, их часто называют прозвищами, однако отсутствие зарегистрированного христианского имени означает кое-что большее – отсутствие факта крещения.

Возможных причин вижу три:
1.    Помещикам было безразлично, крещены ли крестьяне
2.    Спохватились одновременно с массовым крещением негров (в США была та же картина: во второй половине XIX века негры еще практически не крещены)
3.    Христианство пришло на Русь лет на 800-900 позже заявленного

СМЕНА ИМЕНИ НЕВЕСТЫ
Иногда невеста царя меняет имя при смене веры.
Например, Княжна Гуащэнэ – на троне царица Мария Темрюковна (1545/1546—1569);
Ма́рта Самуиловна Скавро́нская (Крузе) – на троне Екатери́на Алексе́евна Миха́йлова.

Иногда имя меняют при уходе в монастырь, когда человек «умирает» для мира.
Так, последняя жена Ивана IV Мария Фёдоровна Нагая – в иночестве Марфа.
Анастасия Черкасская, супруга Симеона Бекбулатовича – в иночестве Александра.

Но есть и необъяснимые смены имени.
Царица Анастаси́я Рома́новна Захарьина-Юрьева (1530/1532—1560) в песнях называется Софией.
Крестильное имя Лопухиной - «Прасковья», было поменяно при венчании на «Евдокию» (1608-1645).
Парадокс не сугубо российский, то же самое было и в Византии, по меньшей мере, одна из трех захваченных отцом и сыном Ираклиями (у тирана Фоки) цариц по имени Фабия была переименована перед свадьбой в Евдокию.

Корни переименования – в родоплеменных обычаях, в частности, в обычае символически хоронить невесту перед замужеством, дабы скрыть от племенных богов нарушение табу – передачу женщины в чужой род. Так что замуж она идет как совершенно чужой своему роду-племени человек и отчасти поэтому с ней можно делать буквально все, что взбредет в голову «покупателям». Именно здесь объяснение групповому изнасилованию невесты у арабов XIX века, и таких примеров – тьма.
Смена имени невесты царя при замужестве того же сорта.
Это чрезвычайно нецерковно, поскольку имя дается по дню крещения, а дни в небесах четко расписаны между святыми покровителями на феоды. Причем, это не отсебятина, как я вычитал в капитальной работе об оммаже (где-то в ЖЖ ссылка есть), с точки зрения средневекового церковника Иисус – вассал Бога-Отца, а святые – вассалы Иисуса.

ТАЙНА ПОЯВЛЕНИЯ ФАМИЛИИ
Теперь – моя версия. В силу распределения святых между храмами христианское имя прихожанина – гарантированная прибыль тому или иному храму. Да, было некоторое территориальное размежевание, но верующий все равно предпочитал «своего» святого. Массовое (языческое, по сути) переименование невест-христианок приводило к перекосам в доходах и возможности нечестных манипуляций. Целиком игнорировать языческие страхи и запретить переименование невест церковь не могла – попробуй, уследи, и был придуман компромисс – фамилия. Арина Фомина становилась Ариной Кузьминой, и стабильность сохранялась, - и языческие боги сыты, и приходские интересы целы.

Возможно, здесь же открывается тайна переименования при смене веры: в православных святцах могло просто не оказаться какой-либо западноевропейской святой, плюс на 13 дней не совпадал календарь, и Мауриция Фридриховна становилась Марией Федоровной.

СЛЕДЫ ПРАВА СЕНЬОРА
Можно напомнить об аравитянах, еще в XIX века насиловавших невесту всем родом – в силу того, что она для своей родни считай что умерла, и делать с ней можно буквально все – мести не будет. А можно о французах, отводивших невесту для дефлорации сеньору, – в случае, если сеньор – высокопоставленный монах, то прямо в монастырь. Но можно вспомнить и отечественное снохачество, царившее на наших просторах, как минимум, до середины XIX века. И вот кое-что в биографиях русских царей указывает на снохачество вполне однозначно.
Поясню, снохачество не как каприз, а как освященная традиция, это право сеньора, когда старший мужчина (не обязательно отец, чаще это феодал, очень часто жрец, рангом выше) делает молодухе первенца.

ЦИТАТА: Существует легенда, связанная с рождением Софьей сына Василия III, наследника престола: будто бы во время одного из богомольных походов к Троице-Сергиевой Лавре, в Клементьево, великой княгине Софии Палеолог было видение преподобного Сергия Радонежского, который «вверже в недра ея отроча младо мужеска пола».

ЕЩЕ ЦИТАТА: Первые годы совместной жизни Пётр совершенно не интересовался женой, и супружеских отношений между ними не существовало. Ряд источников утверждает, что истинным отцом Павла был любовник Екатерины С. В. Салтыков.

Надо сказать, что Салтыковы в истории русских царей занимают особое место. Инокиня Марфа (в миру Ксения Иоанновна Романова) ярко сказывалось в составе правящей среды при царе Михаиле, в которую Марфа ввела своего племянника Б. М. Салтыкова. Перед нами непотизм в чистом виде.

Царица Прасковья Фёдоровна (супруга Иоанна V), урождённая Салтыкова.

Российская императрица Анна Иоанновна, дочка Прасковьи Федоровны, по матушке точно такая же Салтыкова.

Император Александр пришел на место убийства отца в сопровождении Константина и князя Николая Ивановича Салтыкова.

Некая Матрена Павловна Салтыкова является внучатой племянницей Анны Монс.

ПЕРЕДАЧА ПЕРВЕНЦА
Этот обычай сохраняется и ныне. Кто ребенка молодухе сделал, то его и растит. Поэтому первенца отдают зачавшему его феодалу, жрецу или шаману – и в Африке, и в Азии, и в Европе, и в России. Иногда (как сейчас в Казахстане) об истоках обычая забывают, но сам обычай отдавать первенца «старшим по званию» и им же передавать право дать ребенку имя, вполне бодро владеет массами.

ПАВЕЛ I
Павел I, был сразу же после рождения отнят от родителей, его воспитанием занялась сама императрица Елизавета Петровна. Имя Павел при крещении было дано ему по велению императрицы. При дворе упорно ходили слухи, что ребёнок был зачат Екатериной от своего первого фаворита, Сергея Салтыкова.

АЛЕКСАНДР I
Многими чертами своего характера Александр был обязан бабушке, которая отобрала сына у матери. Надо сказать, что как мама у него дочь коменданта из г. Штетин, так и бабушка – дочь коменданта из г. Штетин. Но мужская линия здесь ничто. Важно, кто там прамать, а мать Екатерины Великой – Иоганна Елизавета, из Готторпского владетельного дома, и ее родословная прямиком восходит к Кристиану I, королю Дании, Норвегии и Швеции, первому герцогу Шлезвиг-Голштейнскому и основателю династии Ольденбургов.
А Ольденбурги в истории России – это особый разговор.
Детали у Игоря Грека – у http://apxiv.livejournal.com/46167.html

P.S. Фамилия «Дунин» происходит от польского слова «дунский», то есть «датский». «Швено» — вариант слова «лебедь» по-датски. Все потомки Дуниных используют родовой герб «Лебедь».
Дунины связаны с Габсбургами и Раевскими, а Прасковья Ивановна Раевская (ум. 1641) — мать Анны Леонтьевой-Нарышкиной, бабушки Петра I.

НИКОЛАЙ I
Великий князь Николай с самого рождения поступил на попечение царственной бабки.

УСЫНОВЛЕНИЕ ЛЖЕДМИТРИЯ
Когда византийские отец и сын Ираклии свергли Фоку и взяли власть, первым делом было организовано усыновление младшего Ираклия Епифанией – взятой ими из монастыря старшей царицей. Это сразу же дало Ираклию весомые политические козыри, а процедура несложна. В исламе для усыновления достаточно, чтобы женщина пятикратно напоила человека своим молоком, но есть и упрощенные варианты.

Мария Фёдоровна Нагая (в иночестве Марфа) — царица, последняя жена Ивана IV. 18 июля 1605 года имела торжественный въезд в Москву и признала Лжедмитрия I своим сыном.

Исходя из опыта ислама и Византии, организовать такое признание несложно.

РОЛЬ ЖЕНЩИНЫ ПРИ ЦАРИЗМЕ
О Марии Мнишек я уже писал:
http://historyisnomore.blogspot.ru/2011/03/blog-post_2444.html

ЦИТАТА: Царевну Ксению самозванец сделал своей наложницей.

О КОМ РЕЧЬ: Ксе́ния Бори́совна Годуно́ва (1582-1622) — русская царевна, дочь царя Бориса Годунова и Марии Григорьевны Скуратовой-Бельской, внучка Малюты Скуратова и сестра царя Фёдора II. При Годунове шли переговоры о ее браке с Густавом Шведским, Максимилианом Габсбургом, эрцгерцогом Максимилианом-Эрнстом.
МОЙ КОММЕНТАРИЙ: Такую женщину не делают наложницей, такую женщину делают королевой, потому что за ней, как за каменной стеной.

В ОБЩИХ ЧЕРТАХ:
С лету эту тему не поднять, а воскресенье кончается :( Но в целом генеалогия царских семей с точки зрения матриархата выглядит радикально иначе. Основное в том, что в средневековье рыцарь – расходный материал, а дама – владетель той самой «половины царства», что за ней дают. Принцип работает повсеместно, вплоть до середины XIX века. И с этой точки зрения «в дамках» совсем не те семьи, что как бы рулят.

Вроде как рулят Рюрики, а в дамках Романовы.
Вроде как рулят Романовы, а в дамках Салтыковы.
 
Автор: 
 

Catastrophe 1707 English version

(К сожалению, почти все картинки улетели. Поэтому статью запишу в комментариях. Здесь только будет отрывок с сохранившейся картинкой)

 

CAUSA CAUSANS

 

 

 

Too close passage (or even fall) of such an object, even though it is "Fire from the Heaven", is very like to bring some sort of cataclysms. Realizing this fact, a search was made in chronicles of great eruptions to find any proof. The greatest volcanic eruptions of Lucky, Vesuvius and Santorini appeared to have the same time as the Halley's Comet, which is 74-76 years. The conclusion comes by itself: The Halley's Comet had passed, the fire had struck from the sky. The earth was shaken and the volcano became awaken. It is so. But the phase is the thing they don't coincide. The difference is 100 years. Consider this.

 

 

 

The year 1531. The passage of the Halley's Comet. 100 years later, in 1631 the Vesuvius Volcano will cover 5 cities and it will become more dark and cold in the world.

 

The year 1607. The passage of the Halley's Comet. 100 years later, in 1707 the Terra-Santorini volcano will explode and it will become more dark and cold in the world.

 

The year 1682. The passage of the Halley's Comet. 101 years later, in 1783 the Lucky Volcano will emit 15 cubic kilometers of lava and it will become more dark and cold in the world.

 

 

 

Three times with high precision, almost every time 100 years later after the Halley's Comet passage, a planetary scale eruption takes place. The first conclusion is that chronicles were shifted in 100 years - it was made in Paraguay*. But the conclusion is mistaken. The table given below shows the comparison of the comet passages, the eruptions and the splashes of ashes quantity in the polar ice cores clearly.

 

 

 

* one of the most significant chronologies is the Paraguayan, created by Jesuit Fathers. Tens and tens of identical events repeat every 100 years – from wars, rebellions and epidemics (even the number of the deceased coincides) up to the date of the Asuncion capital foundation.

 

Русские цари

 

HOW COULD IT HAPPEN?

 

 

 

The answer is flagrant – the matter is in the Halley'sComet orbit. The only fact, that the Earth collides with meteorite flow connected with the Halley's Comet three times a year, says: the Halley's Comet is not a single body, it is a part of a hoop consisted of different density meteorite matter. Halley's Comet has billions of tiny scattered neighbors across its orbit, but it seems to have had a couple of VERY LARGE neighbors. They had a circulation period of 74-76 years EITHER because there could be no other period on this orbit at all. Large pieces could easily be mixed up with each other, that's why even best ancient astronomers failed to determine the period of its return.

 

 

 

CONCLUSION: a large neighbor of Halley's Comet followed it along the same orbit separated by 23-25 years. It was the reason why this 100-year shift took place: 75-77 years (comet's period) + 23-25 years (lag) = 100! It turns out that the last fragments of the comet's clone fell in 1631, 1707 and 1783, bringing three of the largest volcanic eruptions – Vesuvius, Santorini and Lucky. Besides, this comet (which is very similar to Halley's Comet) was observed and even given a name and a number!

 

Русские цари
Besides, despite the comet, no eruption was mentioned in European chronicles in 1556, but it was the year when from 820 to 830 people died in China as a result of en earthquake. The people of Istanbul could see the comet along with an obscure tailless star and the city was severely damaged by the earthquake.

(продолжение в комментах)

(Второй отрывок)

 

QUICK CHECK-OUT

 

 

 

The total length of three pauses in-between four last diseases made distinct marks in the occupational layers and described by Prof. Schaeffer is 465 years.

 

Русские цари 

 

So, these very 465 years fit the “Minor Ice Age” EXACTLY. Even if only 1 (one) of these disasters took its place in the newest period (for example, in 1375 – when the Pharos fell down for the last time) ALL of them should be within this period. These four disasters suits the “Minor Ice Age”. The disaccord with the official point of view is explained with the mistake in scaling. That's why, the Nubian mummified relics of 18-19th centuries “moved” to 2nd millennium B.C. together with antediluvian Syrian settlement.

 

It reasonable to ask – could the classical Bronze Age be associated with 1375 in Syria? Let's see. Even Venice of those times wasn't so highly developed to use iron instead of bronze. The European man-of-wars of the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries have got bronze canons, anchors and rope rings. It's simple: the period of the Ruhr and Ural iron hadn't come yet, while the Basque bog iron and Egyptian sulphate iron were unimaginably expensive. So, for God's sake, where could be something else, besides bronze, in the Syrian settlement of 1375 from? Moreover, the exact fact that it was burnt down by the blow from the heaven proves its pre-historic ancientry. So, if only one gives up on the cookbook approach it becomes quite easy to specify the dates of the “Fire from Heaven” downfall.

 

 

 

FIRST STAGE OF ADJUSTMENT

 

 

 

Whereas the meteorite disaster of the kind inevitably causes the sensible dust contamination of the stratosphere and usual characteristics of the “volcanic winter”, the downfalls of the “Heaven Fire” should coincide with the “Minor Ice Age” - between 1350 and 1850. Because there was no other temperature “dip” in next 3-5 thousand years.

(продолжение в комментах)

(третий отрывок)

But if to look closely, it'll become clear: any repeating stroke overlays the waving tracks of the previous one and so sums up to them. So, the resonance-like event periodically appears. Just in simplified form it looks like at the table (the horizontal cell means 23-25 years, and interval of the Haley's Comet's pass and its “twin-sister” could be either 23-25, or 52 years – that's why, there're periodical shifts of one cell at the table).
Русские цари 
The risk to “awake” volcanoes and so to cause the climatic disaster with dusty twilight is especially high in the moment of strokes' power “overlaying”. The chart considering this overlaying is given below:

(продолжение в комментах)

(4-й отрывок)

FOURTH STAGE OF ADJUSTMENT
 
The exceptions will help to specify the dates of the fire's downfalls from the heaven. The leaps in 1404, 1607, 1682 and 1759 are very feebly marked at the ice cores' contamination chart. That's very good for the process of precising. The fallout of 1759 happened because of this wave of volcanic dust spew was overlaid with the wave of super powerful eruption of the Santorini Volcano in 1707. In fact, two abrupt jumps joined together. However, the beryllium level chart points to this lapse as well.
Though, the most “amazing” pauses are in  ice cores of 1607 and 1682. The matter is the calculated series of the “Heaven Fire” there're pauses, they aren't marked, but could be correlated easily.
Русские цари
The volcanic activity raises not only due to the downfall of the “Heaven Fire”, but also thanks to aftersounds, i.e., the pauses should bring the same but later – when the lithospheric fluctuations overlay. So the only series when the pauses of the “Heaven Fire” downfalls (1556, 1631) precede the volcanic pauses (1607, 1682) is the second one - 1378, 1481, 1607, 1682, 1707, 1759.
It means the following:
 
The “discordant” disaster of 2350 B.C. happened in fact in 1378 A.D.
The “discordant” disaster of 2100 B.C. happened in fact in 1481 A.D
Egypt, Syria and the Minoan Kingdom suffered from the “Heaven Fire” not in 1700 B.C., but in fact in 1607 A.D
The Cretan Thalassocratia died not in 1450 B.C., but in fact in 1682 A.D.
Amenhotep reigned the state perishing in fire not in 1365 B.C., but in fact in 1707 A.D.
The last downfall of the “Heaven Fire” took its place not in 1235 B.C., but in fact in 1759 A.D.
 
This is a precise portrait of the “Minor Ice Age”. Sounds unbelievable? Surely. However, it's much more realistic than Egyptian mummies smoking tobacco and cocaine positive. And even more realistic than the Pharos at the panorama published in 1575 (left – the Governor's Palace, right – the Pharos). In fact, it's not the whole Pharos – three stages only, which survived after the first stroke – there were two of them according to the Chronicles.

(продолжение в комментах)

(5-й отрывок)

This last entry is of special interest because all the manipulations with fiery ships mentioned above look like a fiction, and Justinian who defeated the Saracens is a swindler; who credited to the number of his victories what was made by the "wrath of God: the fiery hail.” It is clear that such a doubtful event as “the fiery hail” has another “smoothed-over” explanation. Here it is (a year’s difference in the date of the event is not fatal, Theophanes has such differences in every  second date).
 
718. The siege of Constantinople by the Arabs is raised because of the cold winter when plague epidemic and famine were spreading in the troops. Another reason was that Byzantines had fiery ships, which destroyed a lot of ships of the Arab fleet.
 
There is a similar mishap in Russian chronicles, too. The copyist specifies the history of the Russian fleet’s defeat at Constantinople (the10th century): the Greeks burnt it up with marine fire, and the Russians who have never seen such a weapon thought that the fire had fallen on them from the heaven.
 
Moreover, this is not the only case when the Greek fire is mentioned, but also in the description of the events, which took place in 664-665. The only thing is that both of these events are the same (with a few exceptions). The difference is ridiculous: in one case the fleet was burnt from the fire from the heaven (though siphons with "sea fire" are mentioned, too), and in the other (to remove all the clear parallels) – the source of the fire were siphons themselves. Let’s see the evidences!
Русские цари 
AND THE SAME event – to the last detail – is described by Theophanes in 805, i.e., 95 years later.
the comet looking like a headless man is seen;
the siphons for the marine fire are mentioned;
the Divine Providence, which defeats the enemy, is mentioned;
and the wonderful Virgin’s intercession is promised.
To avoid describing how the fire from the heaven defeats the enemies’ fleet again, the chronicle is interrupted.
 
These are all parts of the same puzzle, and it is possible to sort out the nature of these fires if to start from the latest witnesses’ evidences, which remained unchanged by court historians. The whole series of such fires, which got the name “Peshtigo Horror” in the USA took place in 1871.

(продолжение в комментах)

(6-й отрывок)

 

 

Since this is the other place of the planet, comets are observed in different way. It is normal. The comet may seem to be tailless under different angles both from front and from behind. But the set of objects is the same: the Moon, the tailed body and the other one without tail. Taking into consideration that there is neither record about comet of 1783 in Istanbul chronicles, nor information about the comet of 1556 in London, as well as realizing originality of such a celestial event, it should be regarded as the same object. This is the appropriate evidence.
 
1556. The three suns appeared twice in Switzerland near Basel in August (the object of 1783 passed in August exactly). They were observed in the south part of the sky on the 23rd of the current month. There is an incident: the three celestial bodies were observed in Istanbul in 1556, the three Suns were observed in Switzerland and nothing was observed in England. The second calendar date is not indicated but it is believed to be the 18th of August. This is definitely the same event as that of 1783 in England.
 
Now it is the time to remember that both the double comet of 1556 and the double comet of 1783 passed just by the schedule of a non-existent twin comet, having the same period as the Haley's Comet but with 23-25-year lag.
 
The passage of these two comets coincide with:
- two burnings of the Alexandrian Library;
- five (+1) falls of the Pharos;
- three largest eruptions in the history;
- and the three passages of the most rare Double comets.
Русские цари 
It is high time to remember that the Haley's Comet's cycle (and, therefore, the cycle of its neighbor) is absolutely artificial structure. All of this is not astronomy, it is a medieval astrology. The scientists invented (the term was used by Catherine the Great) the chronology of civilization following these very canons. According to the table there were far fewer real disasters and these infrequent disasters are so close to contemporaneity.
It is even possible that ALL of the ancient chronological disasters are false representation of 1707 events (the ice cores have distinct acidic labels) and 1783 events (there are some evidence that the earth's axis shifted this very year and the calendar and the maps had to be changed secretly and quickly). This is the evidence that fortunately avoided later modification.
 
Some scientists suspected that the Earth's axis shifted. Residents of Castleton in Derbyshire lived at the foot of the nearby mountain for the most part of the winter. They claimed that the first rays of sun came to their houses a few days earlier this year... and that the shadow of the mountains is a few meters shorter than it has to be in the middle of winter.
 
Here are the events of this epoch.
 
1783. DISIASTERS' CYCLE № 121.
 
January-February, 1783. The volcanoes Lacky and Grimsvotn woke up.
The 4th of February, 1783. A "dry stinky fog" appeared in Calabria and one of the most devastating and short (2 minutes) earthquakes in the Europe took place this day half an hour after the noon.
The 4th of February, 1783. In Calabria (Italy) an earthquake killed 50,000 people.
The 5th of February, 1783. An "intense black fog" appeared in Sicily.
The 5th of May, 1783. The Asama-Yama Volcano woke up 90 mile away from Tokyo.
The 1st of June, 1783. A black hot fog appeared in Iceland.
The 8th of June, 1783. The Skaptar Jokull Volcano erupted making a 25-kilometer long crack with 135 craters. The fifth of the Iceland population perished.
The 22nd of June, 1783. A poisonous cloud made by the Lucky Volcano in Iceland reached Le Havre in France. An "epidemic" of unexplained deaths was recorded in England, which lasted from 1783 till 1784.
The 3rd of August, 1783. The ASAMA Honshu Volcano (Japan) started its eruption. It burst on the 5th of August and the sound could be heard 300 kilometers wide. Gigantic clouds of ashes with veins of lightnings hung in the upper layers of atmosphere.
The 8th of October, 1783. The hurricane in Virginia. The 25-foot more scale tide happened in Norfolk.
The 30th of November, 1783. The greatest earthquake in the history of New Jersey took place.
The end of 1783. The fog covered the Europe, a part of the Asia and both Americas. It obscured the Sun during the day, so it became dim and reddish, but illuminated at night. The fog was hot in Paris and Lincoln. People were waiting for the last day.
1783. Thunderstorms filled the whole Europe. The city of Cremnitz in Hungary was set on fire and perished. The lightning made a gunpowder cellar in Klattau Church in Germany explode. The Bavarian prince-elector forbade chiming during the storm because "the lightning more often hits those of the churches, where the fanatical custom prevails".
1783-1784. The Nile did not overflow causing hunger and thousands of deaths in Egypt.
1783. An earthquake on Crete and acidic falls.
1783. The Azov Sea Coast. The plague traveled across the whole Novorossisk territory.
1783. The plague epidemics in Ukraine and Turkey.
1784. The temperature decreased. Bad harvest and hunger in the Europe.
The 22-24th of September, 1785. The largest storm in the history of Virginia happened.
1785. The epidemics of hysterics in Pineg.
1785-1786. Severe frost struck Russia in early winter.
1786. An earthquake in China took place. 100,000 people died in the Szechuan Province.
1786. Falls in Russia during the harvesting. The rye got frozen in 1786/1787 winter. Ukraine, as well as Tula, Ryazan, Orlov, Voronezh, Kaluga and Smolensk Provinces suffered. The hunger considered as "the most horrible in the 18th century" began.
1786. The PAVLOF Volcano eruption on the Alaska took place.
The 17th of July, 1787. The Etna Volcano eruption (Italy) took place.
1787. The plague epidemics in Turkey, the Balkan Mountains and in Hungary.
1787-1790. The cholera epidemics in Tankebar, Madras and other places of India.
 
Well, this would be enough if it weren't for the 1846 double gammadionish comet of Biel that scared the whole Europe. The comet is the offspring of Carl V 1556 Comet (which is also Istanbul double comet of 1556 as well as the triple sun in Switzerland in 1556). If the gammadionish comet's passage is considered to have been awaited in 1857 (but the Donati Comet of 1858 came instead), the line of double twin comets completes... and the latest history up to the middle of the 19th century loses its authenticity almost completely. Let's thoroughly consider the “well-explored” 19th century.

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Опубликовано 20.04.2015 в 07:45
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 09:42 HYSTERIA EPIDEMIC

1606 The epidemic of hysteria in Russia
1666 The beginning of hysteria in Shuya
1677 The epidemic of hysteria in Tyumen
1714 The emergence of hysteria in Moscow
1718 The epidemic of hysteria in Moscow
1729-1730 The epidemic of hysteria in the Yuromskis district
1762 The epidemic of hysteria in Rostov
1769 The epidemic of hysteria in Pereslavl-Zalevskiy
1785 The epidemic of hysteria in Pinega
1815 The epidemic of hysteria in Russia
1827 The epidemic of hysteria in the province of Ryazan
1843 The epidemic of hysteria in Moscow Province
1861 The epidemic of hysteria in Pavlograd County

Among suitable medieval mass psychosis to consider were only epidemics of suicides, burnings and self-immolations and self-flagellation. In fact, all these phenomena are very close to choreomania and demonomania, but to see it, we must consider the mechanism of the disease.

MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS

The Dance of St. Vitus has many names:
- tarantism;
- dance of Saint Guidon;
- Sidengam’s disease;
- chorea electrica;
- chorea electrica Dubini;
- chorea electrica Henoch;
- chorea minor;
- chorea major;
- ordinary chorea;
- rheumatic chorea;
- and finally, a rather scientific name- choreatic hyperkinesis;
- and a more scientific name - Delirium acutum.

The principal cause of the disease is exactly established, it is damage of the basal ganglia (a neural basal nodes). It's reasonable to compare the symptoms. The author will enumerate all of them to see: the diagnosis Delirium acutum exhausts ALL the options of the mass psychosis in the Middle Ages.

SYMPTOM # 1

Delirium acutum: clonic and tonic convulsions, chewing movements, epileptical seizures.

EXPLANATION # 1: Clonic spasms are synchronous jerky muscle contractions, alternating with relaxation (dance classics).
EXPLANATION # 2: Tonic spasm is prolonged muscle tension.



St Vitus' Dance: seizures are clearly pointed in the epidemics in 1628, 1848, 1882, 1894's.
Seizures with convulsions directly observed in 1479, 1480, 1490, 1491, 1628, 1632, 1642, 1728, 1762.
The obsession with demons also suggests epileptic seizures and convulsions, and this is an epidemic in 1431, 1484, 1499, 1504, 1507, 1515, 1527, 1534, 1550, 1552, 1554, 1564, 1566, 1574, 1577, 1579, 1580, 1582 , 1590, 1609, 1610, 1613, 1627, 1628, 1632, 1652, 1669, 1681, 1687, 1732, 1733, 1857, 1878, 1878, 1883, 1893. Total - 41 epidemics.
Hysteria: the patient rolls on the floor, randomly tossing, hitting and kicking the floor, writhing. Epidemic in 1606, 1666, 1677, 1714, 1718, 1729, 1762, 1769, 1785, 1815, 1827, 1843, 1861's. Total - 13 epidemics.
Outrageous dances (the same "tarantism";) are expressed primarily in the "painful paroxysms," Seizures and "true muscle madness." Epidemics date: 1021, 1237, 1237, 1278, 1370, 1374, 1375, 1375, 1375, 1376, 1418, 1418, 1418, 1418, 1479, 1482, 1490, 1518, 1518, 1518, 1643, 1680, 1686, 1715 , 1728, 1762, 1840. Total - 27 epidemics.

SYMPTOM # 2

Delirium acutum: hyperkinesis (choreatic, athetoid, myoclonic) is a violent, uncoordinated motor stimulation.
EXPLANATION # 1: Hyperkinesis choreatic, chorea (chorea) is a colorful series of arrhythmical and various fast movements, each of which is similar to the arbitrary reduction, so that patients often make the first impression as whimsical, restless people, doing a grimace and unnecessary movement. These movements are not limited by any particular muscle group, and appear in one or the other part.
EXPLANATION # 2: Athetoid hyperkinesis is characterized by involuntary slow stereotypical pretentious movements.
EXPLANATION # 3: Myoclonic hyperkinesis can be local and generalized, one-or bilateral, synchronous and non-synchronous, rhythmic and non-rhythmic.



St Vitus' Dance: a picture of all the 27 dancing epidemics coincides with the above mentioned symptoms to the smallest detail.
This includes ALL the convulsionaries’ epidemic, demonomania and hysteria.

SYMPTOM # 3

Delirium acutum: a sense of physical ailments, headaches, sleep disturbances with nightmares, mood is either depressed and capricious or the emotion-optimistic.

St Vitus' Dance: There are two pictures instead of further comments.



SYMPTOM # 4

Delirium acutum: The speech is incoherent and consists of single words or shouts.

St Vitus' Dance: Hysterical women’s incoherent speech is classical. All the 13 epidemics are suitable
This is how convulsive dancing is described in Saint-Médard, "in the midst of this orgy discordant singing, roaring, whistling, recitation, prophecy, and meow are heard only." That is, all the 27 outbreaks have this symptom.
The same is applied to the 41 epidemics and demonomani
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 09:43 SYMPTOM #5

Delirium acutum: hallucinations, delusional statements.

St Vitus' Dance: This is a good example. In 1491-1494 there was an epidemic in the monastery of Cambrai. The nuns ran the dogs, fluttering birds, cats, climbing, etc. They found out that one nun had been engaged in sexual intercourse with the devil since nine years old.
And here's another example: during the epidemic of St.Vitus’ Dance in 1375 in Germany, a lot of people claimed to have seen flowing streams of blood under the feet on the ground; that is why they tried to jump out from them and kick their legs as high as possible.



There are thousands of such confessions (often voluntary and completely sincere) in the archives of the Inquisition. They characterize both dancers, and demon-beast-possessed, and the hysterical women. The dates are not being given for ALL the enumerated ones are suitable.

SYMPTOM #6

Delirium acutum: dizziness, usually in the form of amentia or oneiroid.

EXPLANATION: Oneiroid syndrome is characterized by a special kind of qualitative impairment of consciousness (a dream likely disorientation) with the presence of detailed pictures of dream or pseudo hallucinatory experiences. Disorientation in time and space (and sometimes in the self) has the following peculiarities: being oneiroid, the patient becomes a participant of an oneiroid pseudo hallucinatory situation. People around can be involved into the patient’s experience.



Sometimes several stages of the oneiroid are distinguished: initial (the stage of affective disorders), the stage of delusional mood, stage of delirium dramatizations with false recognition, a stage of fantastic paraphrenic, a stage of real oneiroid.

St Vitus' Dance: Everything mentioned in the preceding paragraph can be relevant, and focus on the following: "stage of delirium dramatizations with false recognition." With the symptom like this a patient could "see" an agent of Satan in EVERY man, and even include himself in the pseudo hallucinatory situation.



The inquisition could not have troubled itself: it was enough to give the baseline scenario, and the rest will be created in the patient’s mind. And if there is acceptance, there will be punishment. The law began to distinguish the insane from the sane quite later, only in the 19th century.



However, some of the inquisitors were also insane probably, otherwise how will you explain what is happening in the picture? It is a heavy mental illness.



SYMPTOM #7

Delirium acutum: confusion as delirium, anxiety and depressive affect or fear.
It may be delusions of poisoning characterized by the idea of applying toxic substances in food, water, its spraying in the air to harm the health of the patient or his murder.

St Vitus' Dance: This symptom IDEALLY roused that on the European fields there fell gray powder, which most likely was hydrofluoric volcanic ash, poisonous to cattle and, in part, people. It is clear that the French court broke psychic "epidemic poisoning", the same happened in Italy, and people gladly accepted the idea of intentional poisoning of wells and rivers by the enemy. As a result, not only the Jews were expelled from the Catholic countries, but the idea of universal scale sabotage closely entered our culture.



Few people know that the French Revolution was presenting his victims the same charges, which the church was presenting to the Jews, in particular, the desire to eliminate toxins through the entire French nation. It was paranoia as a norm of revolutionary consciousness.

SYMPTOM #8

Delirium acutum: multiple bruises easily occur.

St Vitus' Dance: this is exactly why in the first place the Inquisition was looking for the "signs" of demonic possession at the body. Thanks to Hollywood it is acceptable to think that they are birthmarks, but the same "Hammer of Witches" describes also something different: for example, thoughtful searching for clues under the removed skin of the accused man. Under the skin there are no moles, but the hematoma may have the most bizarre form. Patients with delusions of "demonic" dances (Delirium acutum) with their vulnerable skin were a very easy prey.

IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT that the bruising (hemorrhage) is a peculiar feature of the Black Death. It will be recalled further.

SYMPTOM #9. SELF-FLAGELLATION



Delirium acutum: negativism is a characteristic of excitement and confusion of the patient’s consciousness. The patient is inclined to harm himself and other people.

St Vitus' Dance: What is said above is a VERY CLEAR COMMON symptom both for the frantic dances epidemics and outbreaks of self-flagellation. Here are a couple of examples of self-harm.

1375, summer, an epidemic of violent dancing. Sick people... demanded to firmly tie towels around their bellies, stamped their feet and beaten with fists, it reminded hysteric that occurred several years later in Paris.
1418 July 14, Saint-Médard. "Women, stretched at full height, are inviting people to beat them in their stomachs and are content only when ten or twelve men came down on them at once with all its weight"
It is necessary to explain, that "are satisfied" has no sexual or masochistic overtones. Think of a toothache, when you do not know what to stick your head grip to stop it or at least weaken. It is the same thing.

And, of course, an extreme "motoric excitation negativism" – or "the unbearable torment" if to be more correct - is in the epidemic of self-flagellating people. Patients struck both themselves and others. Here are the years of the epidemic: 1260, 1261, 1266, 1296, 1333, 1348, 1349, 1414, 1414, 1414, 1551. Although there were such epidemics in 1812.



And it looks like the last outbreak of mass psychosis (chorea in Paris, 1840 and Madagascar), like the last one of the Black Death (1980s) took place in the middle of the 19th century.

Returning to the symptoms of Delirium acutum and regarding the mania of harming other people, we can apply the whole history of the Inquisition, disorders and even revolutions. Perhaps, if to look entirely at the picture, we can agree that Chizhevsky was not wrong when he referred revolutions, disorders and mass repressions to the category of “mass psychosis”. It looks like the matter is in the level of the illness: if it has a light form, you are among executors, if it is hard, you are a victim.



SYMPTOM #10. FINAL.

Delirium acutum: exhaustion, galloping development of symptoms with fast death. If not to treat, the person often dies from hyperthermic coma in several days. Those who survived – because of affection of basal neural – often stay invalids.

St Vitus' Dance: there is a number of evidences of such an end, Here are four examples.

1021. Dessau. Peasants went on dancing till some of them fell down dead, those who remained alive had their limbs shaking all their lives.
1337. The epidemics of children’s frantic dancing (St. Vitus’ Dance) in Erfurt. Many of these children died, others remained dancing forever.
1458. No one of the children who took part in the hike returned; some of them are thought to die from cold and hunger.
1518. Tens among dancing died from heart attacks, insults and exhaustion.

RESUME: All the 10 symptoms of Delirium acutum are identical with ten characteristics of mass psychosis. Concrete psychosis display definitely depends on the character and level of the basal ganglia's affection.
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 09:44 A SHORT DIGRESSION: ABOUT SPUR

Mass psychosis' appearance is often connected to mass spur poisoning (ergotism). Probably, sometimes it was because of that, especially in the cases of mystical propensities, which is caused by LSD from spur. But ergotism always causes gangrene, but there was no gangrene in the cases of St. Vitus’ Dance, demonomania or hysteria. Never. But the main thing is that the author has never seen any connection between ergotism and Delirium acutum diagnosis. And this is exactly what the modern medics gave a diagnosis of the medieval dancing madness.

ILLNESS REASONS (Delirium acutum)

Here is the statistics, firstly. The density of psychosis epidemics is rather high, it is one psychosis each five years from 1100 till 1885 (all in all, 160 cases). The density of the Black Death epidemics is rather close – 154 cases for the same period. And if to believe this data, Europe becomes extremely and invariably unfavorable region, getting “double strike” on the health each five years. And if to remember that a significant number of epidemics continued to three years, 60% of the European history is endless death and psychosis. But this is not the main point; the main thing is that the author found 64 correlations between the Black Death epidemics and mass psychosis – it is about 35% from the possible. It is far from the randomness. There is an example for each century.

1260-1261. The years of the Black Death which devastated the Europe.
1260–1261. Self-flagellation epidemics in the whole Europe.

1346-1352. The Black Death killed 25 million of people.
1346–1352. Dancing, self-flagellation and mass suicides epidemics in the whole Europe.

1418. The Black Death in France.
1418. St. Vitus’ Dance in France.

1551. Plague epidemics in the Europe.
1551. Flagellation epidemics.

1606. Plague epidemics in the Novgorod district.
1606. Hysteria epidemics in Russia.

1718. Pestilence in Ukraine.
1718. Hysteria epidemics in Moscow.

And the same clear correlations are observed within the centuries. Here is a graph of the 16th-18th centuries.



TRAIT: To save from plague in Prague in front of St. Vitus Cathedral there was constructed a St. Trinity Column, and it says for itself. St. Vitus has a very narrow specialization, he concretely treats from hyperkinesia (dancing madness). And in 1715 the inhabitants of Prague happened to perfectly understand mass psychosis was a demonstration of the Black Death. Saint defendants must not be mistaken in such important gifts.

Thus, the Black Death and the affection of basal ganglia leading to mass psychosis are of the same nature. And it is the time to enumerate the reasons of Delirium acutum called by the modern medicine. So, Delirium acutum may appear in the case of:
pneumonia;
pleurisy;
sepsis;
galloping form of the progressive paralysis;
febrile schizophrenia;
epilepsy;
infections (cholera, typhoid and typhus etc);
intoxications (for example, lead tetraethyl poisoning).

That’s it. As you understand, the reasons of mass madness can become only the last two lines: infections and group intoxication. It goes without saying, it is not an infection. Firstly, it is not because there are no viruses or bacteria which can simultaneously cause
- Delirium acutum symptoms;
- conditions for epidemic, and, moreover, pandemic development.

Separately they can. The Japanese encephalitis naturally leads to hyperkinesia, but not to the epidemics of transcontinental scale.
Secondly, as it has already been shown, the Yersinia pestis we are familiar with, has nothing in common with the Black Death. So, for the appearance of Delirium acutum there is only one reason – mass poisoning with the products of volcanic activity. Here is a list of potentially dangerous volcanic gases:

Water vapor (H2O)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Carbon monoxide (CO),
Nitrogen (N2),
Sulphur dioxide (SO2),
Sulphur oxide (SO),
Gas sulphur (S2),
Hydrogen (H2),
Ammonia (NH3),
Hydrogen chloride (HCl),
Anhydrous hydrogen fluoride (HF),
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S),
Methane (CH4),
Boric acid (H3BO3),
Chlorine (Cl),
Argon (Ar),
Transformed H2O and CO2.
There are also chlorides of alkaline metals and iron.

It is important that under the Order of the Chief of the Civil Defense Headquarters (the Russian Federation) OCCD # 2, dated on Dec 4, 1990 five substances from this list are referred to the potent poisonous agents:

Ammonia (NH3),
Chlorine (Cl),
Hydrogen chloride (HCl),
Anhydrous hydrogen fluoride (HF),
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S).

All the five substances can form acids and assist fires. And there is a clear connection between fires, poisonings and mass psychosis when the Jews and women were accused of mystical fires and cattle death.

There is Swabia, 1533 in the picture. A sorcerer and a witch are putting the town on fire with the help of their invocations.



But the main thing is that three substances of five are referred to NEUROTROPIC poisons. It means they can affect the neuron ganglion not worse than Japanese encephalitis – right up to choreatic hyperkinesia. These are volcanic gases:

Hydrogen chloride (HCl),
Anhydrous hydrogen fluoride (HF),
Ammonia (NH3).

The proving process is over. The reason of mass psychosis in the Middle Ages is volcanic gases (which have neurotropic action) poisoning.

COMET IS THE MAIN DEFENDANT
(alternative version)

It is not that the author likes this version, but it is necessary to describe it.
QUOTE: "October 22, 2010 Comet Hartley 2 suddenly started throwing a large number of derivatives of hydrocyanic acid (cyanide). This conclusion was made by researchers from the analysis of data transmitted by the probe Deep Impact ».
QUOTE 2: "Cyanide Intoxication ... may cause bilateral necrosis of basal ganglia. "
A lesion of the basal ganglia is - the most direct way to the St. Vitus’ dance.

Scientists accused the Earth's comet of cyanide poisoning (KT-Event). That time dinosaurs were hit. But who said that the passage of this comet could not be repeated in October 22, 2010? Or 300 years earlier?
It is highly symbolic that the comet 103P/Hartley was discovered at the same time, when the Haley's Comet was passing - in the spring of 1986. For the first time cyanide was found in the cometary gas of Haley's Comet - in 1910 (they ran a spectral analysis). It was panic, and Herbert Wells even wrote the novel "The Poisoned Zone" about the poisoning of all earthlings with gases from the comet's tail.
As we approach the sun the comet nucleus surface of the ice begins to heat up two 103P/Hartley and allocate to the surrounding gas. This gas has already formed a shell with the length of 150 thousand kilometers around the comet. It is easy to cover the planet with its twenty-fold smaller diameter. However, it is a hardly probable version: cometary gas is rather sparse, and to overcome the atmosphere is not easy. There is another consideration.
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 09:46 VERSION

The following is needed to formation cometary cyanide:
- chemical composition of a cometary body;
- cometary ice (water);
- the highest temperature from the Sun heat.

Two of the three conditions for entry into Earth's atmosphere fall out: neither water vapor nor a complete solar energy can overcome the atmosphere. But there are both of the missing components: the temperature is from the enormous friction of the atmosphere with cometary bodies, and water covers most of the planet.
That is, the fall of hot meteorites in rivers, lakes and seas naturally leads to the formation of cometary cyanide and can cause mass poisoning, and hence the defeat of the basal ganglia, and hence the standard medieval dance epidemic. It is the same "Star Wormwood", which makes the "third of the waters" bitter ... well, cyanide is bitter, it makes the flavor of apricot nucleolus.
The picture is a page from the Russian Bible, which shows the fall of cometary bodies into the sea. By the way, "pre-reform" Russian Bible contains many descriptions of weather disasters, and later differently retold (not translated, namely retold) in more streamlined formulations.



And here's a quote.
The verdict of the Paris Faculty of Medicine (Documents inedits sur la grand peste de 1348. Paris, Londres et New-York, 1860).
"... In India and the countries of the Great Sea, the heavenly bodies, are struggling with the sun and the sky lights ... have an impact on the sea ... From that evaporation is born ..."
Everything is clearly stated: comets are visible from India and the Great Sea, and rivaling in brightness with the sun they become the cause of harmful vapors from the sea.

And now let's get a view of the turning point of this hyper-disaster.

VOLCANIC WINTER

It is clearly seen from the title that the global fall of temperature is closely connected to the volcanoes’ eruptions, and the analysis of chronicles showed this connection. And, it is extremely interesting that the statistics of numerous falls of temperature is surprisingly similar to the Black Death statistics.



1. Both of the disasters coincide with the series of eruptions pre-last time in about 1830, and the last one – in about 1878.
2. Plague takes 9% on the chronological scale and the fall of temperature – 8.2%.
3. Plague coincides with eruptions year in year 28 times, and fall of the temperature 18 (it is deeply normal: fall of the temperature is separated from eruptions by at least 6-7 months of the ash darkness).
4. In a year’s time plague correlates with eruptions 64 times, and fall of the temperature 57 times.
5. During 3 years plague shows the connection with eruptions 92 times, and the fall of temperature – 94.

Actually this synchronism with an invariantly false plague statistics allows stating that in fact there was a less number of fatal falls of temperature. But the most striking argument can be made from the scientific theory of “Minor Ice Age”.
Evidences about the south seas freezing mentioned in the chronicles are perfect to date this dreadful period when the medium temperature on the planet fell a degree and half. Let’s have a look at this data about unprecedented cold spell. There are not many of them.

401 in the winters of 401 and 801 the waves of the Black sea “became hard”
696 The Black Sea froze
739 Severe winters took place in 739 when the Bosporus was freezing
742 “The Russian chronographer”: «And the winter is severe; and the Pontus froze 30 cubits, and the snow covered it 20 cubits»
762 (755 AD) 100 miles from the shore a part of the sea turned into a stone 30 cubits in the depth, the same was from Zikhia to the Danube, from the Kufis to the Dniester and the Dnieper and the Dead Gates, from all the other shores to Mesivria and Media.
763 In the winter of 763-764 the Black Sea completely froze: one could sledge on thick ice like on the land
801 in the winters of 401 and 801 the waves of the Black Sea “became hard”
829 There happened something that has ever taken place either before or after: in 829 and 1010, 1011 the ice locked the delta of the Nile
859 The Adriatic Sea froze so much that one could reach Venice on foot
1010 - 1011 Frosts locked the Turkish coast of the Black Sea. Terrible cold reached Africa where the Lower Nile was covered with ice
1011 The ice locked the waters of the Black Sea, even the Bosporus froze. When the wave of cold reached the Northern Africa, the Nile also was covered with the ice.
1210 -1211 String of sledges were moving on the frozen Adriatic Sea in Venice
1326 The whole Mediterranean Sea froze
1601 They sledged on the Black Sea to Constantinople
1709 On the suburbs of Venice the Adriatic sea was covered with the “standing ice”
1754 Channels froze in Venice, there was ice in the region of the Black Sea straits.

So there're 14 cases: 401, 696, 739, 742, 762, 763-764, 801, 859, 1010-1011, 1210-1211, 1326, 1601, 1709, 1754. And only the last three dates are in the period of “Minor Ice Age” which is between 1350-1900. 11 from 14 phenomenal chronological decreases of temperature refer to an extremely warm and favorable period from 401 to 1326. Can it be a better corroboration of the manipulation with the chronology, even if such an authority as Theophanes composed it?
Let’s break out another idol.
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 09:46 COMETS: "MADE IN CHINA"

In the beginning of the book the author pictured quite an apocalyptic portrait of comets. But it is important to eliminate excess fears as for this – together with similar comets.

So, in the database there are 504 evidences about comets’ passing and celestial bodies' falls.
307 of them (from 240 B.C. to 1986 A.D.) are dated exactly to the day.
257 of them were taken from the thesis of N. Morozov and, basically, these are Chinese evidences.
Thus, Chinese evidences dated to the day make 50.99% - almost exactly a majority.
The author will immediately clarify what "Made in China" means.

ANTIQUITY VALUE

Even the most superficial analysis indicates the forgery of ALL the chronological row of ancient Chinese astronomical observations. It will be proved on the example of two graphs, where the first shows how usually looks like the real chronology of records (an enormous database of website HistoryOrb), and the second displays how records about comets look like in ancient Chinese chronicles (great summary of N. Morozov). The period is the same - from 240 BC until 1640.



As you can see, over time global records provide more information per time unit (so the line graph is a parabola), and in Chinese writings the density of information remain unchanged. Such invariance is possible if there are two assumptions:
- ALL the comets (not only Haley';) are strictly periodic;
– the Chinese astronomy, having risen in the 3rd century BC the level of the 17th century, froze on the spot for 19 centuries.
Both assumptions are absolutely fantastic.

ASTRONOMY "OOPS"

To analyze the distribution of information about comets (from -240 to 1986) by days of the calendar, each day was enumerated, for example, December 31 - № 365, January 1 - № 1, and July 21 - № 202.
It turned out that the dates of comets’ passing and meteorites’ falls are allocated the most evenly. It could have happened if there were not periodical comet streams, for example, the Orionides, coming strictly within a certain time of year at all. If the Orionides occupied their rightful places, on October, 21-22 (days № 294 and № 295) we would have seen the difference of the density of information (comet streams are very fertile for the phenomena, and for 2226 years, something would have occurred). But everything is perfectly smooth there.
It's funny that differences can be seen, for example, in the 200-210 days. This is exactly where the most adored date – July 21 (catastrophic day of the 9th of Av) – is. If to take into consideration the shift in 12-13 days during the transition to the Gregorian calendar, the previous number July 21 falls exactly on the cometary flux d-Aquarides. But on the graph the drop is "vertical", which indicates a sharp decline in the number of information about celestial phenomena - it was exactly in those days.



It would be interesting to know what astronomers think about it.

COMET-TWINS

Some part of 307 precisely dated comets has "twins" which came after years in the same calendar day. Here is the statistics.

131 comet dates have no twins.
56 comet dates have two twins (112 comets for 56 dates).
17 comet dates have three twins (51 comets for 17 dates).
Two comets dates have four twins (8 comets for 2 dates).
One date (September, 15) has quintuplets. The dates of comets passing in this day include 418, 1035, 1222, 1433 and 1682.

It's difficult to assess the mathematical probability of the distribution of 307 evidences about comets for 2226 years, but as soon as all these data were brought on a graph, unnatural repetition of the same calendar dates became obvious. As you can see, the most favorable area for the emergence of twin comets lies between 1300 and 1685. This is where the highest number of yellow triangles (the date was repeated the third time) and blue squares (the date was repeated four times).



It's hardly possible to find natural-scientific explanation of the uncovered phenomenon.
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 09:47 CALENDAR BREAKS

The next graph was made from the table created to solve secondary tasks, but the result was beyond expectation.



So, we have the series of curves, but we need the top line. It includes 76 calendar days when comets passing were observed more than once (numerological coincidence with 76-years cycle of the Haley’s Comet, the author thinks, is accidental). We need to assess the data of this line.

GRAPH RESULTS

As you can see, generally, the spaces between "comet" dates are 3-5 days. However, there is a rhythmically alternating big break - from 10 to 26 days. These are the breaks:

10 days: May 25 - June 4;
11 days: June 4 - June 15;
11 days: July 1 - July 12;
13 days: August 13 – August 26;
14 days: August 26 - September 9;
14 days: October 3 – October 17;
14 days: November 28 - December 12;
22 days: December 12 - January 3;
26 days: March 25 - April 20;
12 days: April 30 - May 12;

Except for one case, as it moves from the beginning of the year (spring) to the end; the length of pauses rhythmically increases. The most powerful breaks in the comet events dated on Christmas Day (it was when the star of Bethlehem hung above the Earth,) and Easter (the icons of Jesus’ Crucifixion constantly depict two comets - both in Byzantium, and in Ethiopia).
Other large breaks are nonrandom, either... One of them is on October 7-10, when a lot of catastrophes take place, though no celestial twin phenomena were recorded. For example, there is so called “Kepler's Supernova”, but it has no twins. We can find “twin” comets anywhere, but not where the most important cataclysms took place. Though, of course, the most important thing is a rhythmic alternation of waves. Curiously enough, the change in the density of information on calendar days has a cyclic character. Here is an enlarged fragment of the previous graph.



Please, note that the first wave has 5 points, second - six and the third - 7, the fourth - 8, and a fifth - 10 points. Next will be the sixth wave with 15 points. Before us there is a picture of smooth pattern of alternating increase and decrease of the density of cometary calendar dates. If the new year began at Easter, then from the beginning of the year by its end the number of comet dates in the wave increases, and at the bottom of the graph (year end) it is the most significant.
In the author’s opinion, there is no scientific explanation of the discovered astronomical phenomenon - only numerological.

HALEY'S COMET CYCLE - FOR EVER

My favorite comet series is, of course, Chinese. Here it is.

November 11, 449
November 11, 838
November 11, 1378 (Haley's Comet)

Between the first and second comet there are 389 years, 5 times for 77.8 years.
Between the second and the third comet there are 540 years, 7 times for 77.1 year.
Before us there is a normal cycle of Haley's Comet, which for some reason, comes in the same calendar day. Moreover, realizing that plus or minus a day in chronology is a common thing; we can have a look, what was happening there the day before.

November 10, 207 - a comet.
November 10, 594 - another comet.
The difference is 387 years, 5 times for 77.4 years. It is again – the Haley’s cycle. And, it is the most important that this comet is not Haley's, it is moved 10-11 years toward. But it is made according to exactly the same patterns.
It is clear that some annalistic dates relate to the first observation of the comet, others - passing through perihelion, but there is no difference: the days of the calendar shamelessly match. And the most important is that there are a lot of similar cases with the Chinese comets. If to stop taking into consideration the days of the calendar (they're fake anyway) and look, how many Chinese comets (in this group of calendar twins) have Haley’s cycle, hair stands on end. This is an absolute leader:

76, 532, 684, 760, 912, 1368, 1444, 1596 – these are eight dates, exactly from the birth of Christ, which have cleared Haley’s cycle, although they have nothing in common with this comet. And, if you accept the fact that the Haley's Comet is not always exactly 76 years, and may vary by a couple of years in both directions, a number significantly enriches. Have a look:

76, 305, (530), 532, (683), 684, 760, (837), 838, 912, 989, 1066, 1368, 1444, 1521, 1596, 1826.

Concerning the Haley's Comet, this series is shifted by 8-10 years, but it obeys the same laws, and it would be said that the Chinese row has no less right to be called Haley’s. And the Chinese have for about five more rows like this.
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 09:49 WHAT WAS IN FACT?

The answer comes from the distribution of the twin comets in the time line. Let’s look carefully at the final phase - from 1500 to 1880.



It is remarkably seen that after 1682 there comes a failure - up to 1826 and from 1826 to 1847 there are the most recent comet match. It is very likely that the events of antiquity in fact took place just between 1682 and 1847. Simply the dates of the 19th century were not cut (the science and the press did not permit this), but the 17th-18th centuries are considerably robbed. By the way, this is when the world history has a sharp drop in the number of ALL the types of events. Here's a graph, which distributes the number of events from 893 till 1893 in two encyclopedias:
- the Soviet Encyclopedic Dictionary (48.677 dates);
- the English Encyclopedia HistoryOrb (48.546 dates).
As you can see, about 1492 (7000 years from the World Creation) the chronological streams start greatly differing, and they reach the norm only far from the graph limits – after 1848. Maybe it is because the evidences, which have no vivid epoch signs (the same comets) can be easily thrown off several years into the past.



IS NUMEROLOGY THE QUEEN OF SCIENCE?

The cycle of the Haley’s Comet is 76 years, it is also Kalipp’s cycle (19 years 4 lunar cycles).
The Great Indiction in 532 years is not only 28 (the number of lunar month days) lunar cycles, which include 19 years, but also 7 cycles of the Haley’s Comet.
In 1835 when the plague connected with comets appeared in the Europe last time, the Haley’s Comet appeared the 24th time AD exactly the number of hours in a day. The 19th time (the number of a lunar cycle) the Haley’s Comet passed to the epoch of Ferrar-Florence Synod, which made the Christian church really powerful.
Here is necessary to remind that the key Synod has finished with the “plenitudo potestaiis” dogma (about the Pope’s ecumenical power) by 1440. And 1440 is also 6948 from the World Creation, and it is exactly 0.1% - the Meton cycle, which was 19 times (it is a gain a lunar cycle and exactly the number of the Haley’s Comet passing) for 362.25 days (the number of days in a year).
But this is not all. 1440 is also the 5200th year from the World Creation according to the Jewish scale and this number presents exactly 100 times per 52 – the number of weeks in a year.
We see a wonderful but absolutely artificial construction and the Haley’s Comet in it is one of the main supporting points. The astronomers’ embarrassment is clear when they twice (1910 and 1986) tried to search for which out of 300 annually passing small comets can be called by the noble Haley’s name.

COMETS CARNIVAL

Let's have a look at the comet, the images of which are not extant, with their help estimate the reliability of the information and dates.

Haley’s Comet. This is how it was seen in June, 24, 1456.



That same year it was seen suchlike - in a puff of smoke:



And like this. Almost the entire set of plagues is there. But the most important (!) here is TWO comets at once. And there is inconsistency in the testimony of witnesses – the fact whether one comet has passed or it was still two of them is VERY interesting. We shall face it.



The next is the comet of 1471.



Instruments and dress linen catch attention. Innovations in the weaving business, allowing weave FABRIC (panel, rather than stocking) will take place in 1562-1606, respectively, after 91-135 years. A revolution in the weaving business, which made it possible to obtain production-quality fabric, will begin only after 1725, 254 years later (252 years make four Uranus cycles – the medieval chronologists’ bearing cycle). For many years the author of the present thesis has been wearing the homespun cloth, and therefore he can confidently prove, here industrial fabric is depicted.

The next is a “cigar-comet”, 1479. Here it is necessary to say that in the Spanish and German languages (if to believe the source http://ngrams.googlelabs.com/) the word “cigar” appeared in about 1860, and in Russia tobacco has not been smoked by 1840s (they only smelled it). Even in French and English sources the word “cigar” starts being used only in the 18th-9th centuries. That is why the dating of this comet by 1479 in the source, which was published as if in1577 is more than doubtful. Moreover, this picture looks like showing the ideas of Jules Verne’s epoch – neither earlier, nor later.



The next is a meteoric attack on the Europe in 1492. This is the direction of the strike.



And this is how it looked in the town of Ensinsheim. One of the meteorites, which is now kept in one of the local churches, is sticking from a cloud.



It is worth remembering that these meteorites have fallen in the year of the discovery of the New World, the final cleansing of the Europe from the non-Christians and in the 7000th year of the Creation.

Now it is a titanic comet of 1519, which was noted only in Mexico. This is the "fifth sun" – the Feathered Serpent Quetzalcoatl, under the sign of which Cortes came to Mexico. This picture was created by Diego Duran in 1579.



That time 90% of the population died from “Mexican executions” in America. Approximately the same number of people died from the Black Death in Kiev and Revel in 1710-1711. Cortez’ soldiers were accused of these deaths, but if to believe the priests who destroyed the Aztec’s libraries, Cortez was awarded the title Quetzalcoatl – the same name as the comet. It means that when Cortez destroys the town, it can be understood in two ways:
- the Quetzal Comet destroyed the town;
- Conquisador Quetzal destroyed the town.
Both of the thesis are equal.

And now here is Quetzalcoatl, directly associated by the Indians (a scientifically established fact) with the fire and the comet, which made them change the calendar. This comet is of different shape.



And here is the serpent Quetzalcoatl fighting with the sun. At this time it was war on the land. It is important that the Indians were sun worshipers and Cortez was identified with the snake.



The following picture shows a vertical cone of fire and mass stars. It is worth remembering the death of the entire fleet of Cortez, who allegedly gave his order to burn it (in another version - run aground). In the case of destruction of the fleet there appears an ominous date of October, 8 (generally there are two dates).



It is a comet of 1531 – exactly 100 years before the indicative Vesuvius's eruption in 1631.



It is a comet of 1532. The giant comets pass too often, don't they?



The picture was dated by 1555. Stars are killing animals. There are two main cometary orbits in the diagram, and they are in different directions.



Next year, 1556, two different stars will meet in the sky over Istanbul. And this rendezvous will be followed by a terrible earthquake and plenty of deaths.



It is time to remind you that the Crucifixion of Jesus on the Byzantine, Ethiopian and Asian icons and frescoes in Kosovo was accompanied by the passage of two comets.
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 09:52 Another big comet passed over the Europe as well, though in the opposite direction, in that very 1556. This comet has a twin that passed over England 125 years later – in 1681. Here you can compare two pictures dated by different centuries.



Furthermore, this comet was watched in 1556 in the sky over Nuremberg also. The round-shaped star depicted at the both figures above is clearly seen at the back of the comet. Probably, it is the same object that was watched in Istanbul.



Below it is a cometary event (presumably a meteor rain) in Nuremberg, dated on April 4, 1561, it lasted for about an hour, but overall, the dating of these events is blurred - from 1561 to 1566.



Next is the Great Comet of 1577. The Turkish picture.



It is the same comet in 1577. Here there is an interesting object in the form of a quadrant in the scientists’ hand.



Below is a quadrant. It was invented by an Italian named Tartaglia in 1545 – the aims are unknown. Plummet and degrees (and hence the ability to use other than for cracking nuts) in the quadrant will be introduced by an Italian Torricelli in 1641. However, this tool will receive its practical application only at the end of the 18th century. The quadrant will be used FOR THE FIRST TIME by Markevich in 1799 for military purposes in Russia.



It is the European image of the same Great Comet in 1577. The dimensions of the tail are unprecedented.



It is the same celestial event in 1577, and that's a surprise, there are two (!) comets, and they are not unidirectional. There is a conflict in the testimony of witnesses, as in 1456. And the difference between double comets of 1456 and 1556 is exactly 100 years. Let me remind you that the icons depicting the Crucifixion of Jesus, show the comets in different directions.



And here is the Great Comet of 1618.



And here it is. Contemporaries firmly tied "doomsday", death and disease with its passage.



The next picture was made in 1652 (it is named Flugblatt - leaflet proclamation).



And here is the comet (Hevelius) of the same 1652. The pictures are different.



But here is the comet of 1665. The density of cometary events as you can see, is incredible.



Here it is, too.



Strange as it may seem, but it is here as well. Pay attention that here there are two characters: a Snake and a Bird. It is a standard mythological reflection of heavenly rivalry. And what if there are another two comets - with and without a tail?



The next is the comet of 1680. A bird and a long-tailed comet is again there for all to see. It is considered that the size of this comet is far surpassed all others, and its speed was 800.000 miles per hour, which is six times higher than today's comets. And the following question is quite reasonable: which instruments can help determining the parameters necessary for calculations in 1680?



Below you can see that comet of 1681, which was also observed in 1556. It is possible that the picture shows the same comet as the previous. For example, in New England the comet shone above the head from November, 1680 to February, 1681. It was widely perceived as a sign of disaster.



And - at once there is the Haley's Comet in 1682. It was dated on August 15.



Here is the same date - 1682, but the comet is truly different (its tail curves like with the colossal comet of Quetzalcoatl), and what is the most important, this comet has another date - 1862. Actually, no one knows, which one is true.



Here is the publication made in 1687. It's impossible to judge whether this comet is real. Two years later, in 1689, some cometary event happened. However, the details have not been found, especially so much terrifying, as in the picture.



Next is the 55-year gap in the images of comets - to 1743-1744. And this is the next comet – a very beautiful one. It was shimmering the way it was visible in the middle of the day.



This rare space show has a reflection in 1861. It should be guessed these two pictures are devoted to a single event.



And here a comet of 1764 is encrypted (Messier). Though, a conventional picture have not been found.



1769, another large comet with the same name (Messier) and straight long tail. There is a question: why the comet has got such a name. Dozens of astronomers have seen it, and there was no copyright in the present sense of the term in 1769 – it is a product of the 19th century. And here, perhaps, practical point of creating a Chinese astronomy by Jesuit fathers becomes clear. Father Verbiest acted reasonably deep, creating a series of "Chinese" observations, confirming the discovery of medieval scholars - of course, only of "bargaining" states. Side effect is that some of the noted Chinese celestial events were visible only in the Europe ... but the thing has been done.



There is another comet, which took place in 1771, on June 23. As you can see, they have continuous succession - most of them are duplicates. That's why some of them remained only in the form of maps, while others only in pictures.



The next will be an unpopular comet of 1783. It is not much written about, but it's reasonable to explore it carefully.
(добавлю, что картинки, которые слетели из английской версии, можно найти в русской на страницах "Эксклюзива". Удачи!)
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 09:55 DOUBLE COMET

The picture below shows the cometary object of 1783 which looks like a female with her cubs. It is called sometimes the Meteor of 1783, sometimes comet C/1783 X1, or sometimes "the Great Comet of 1784." Both definitions (meteor-comet) and dates (1783-1784) appear to be fluctuating.



This is how it was described by the witnesses.

THE SOURCE: http://www.phenomena.org.uk/Fire1783.htm
On the 18th of August at 8:50 in the evening a gentleman, who introduced himself as "TS" in the letter to “The Gentleman's”, was driving his trap between Wakefield and Sheffield. The evening was chilly and the ground was covered with the thick fog. All of a sudden, Mr. T.S. saw the landscape and his trap light up. The light soon became glaring and filled the whole space. Mr. T.S. thrust his head out of the phaeton and saw a fire ball flying in the sky from the North-West to the South-East.

In the “White Horse”, Inn, which is five miles away from Bury, Mr. Aymss saw a strange blue ball of light on the horizon and called his family. They came just in time and could see it passed right over their house. When the fire ball passed, it left a lot of fiery stars. Mr. Aymss rushed to the rare window in time and saw the fire ball vanishing over the horizon in the South-West. About a minute later he could hear something that was described as "noise".

In Canterbury a witness by name of "J.R." saw a meteorite explode at 45 degrees above the horizon with lots of fiery fragments scattering in different directions. Five minutes later he could hear the sound of a large explosion. According to his estimations the meteorite was 65 miles away from him and 46 kilometers over the France coast near Boulogne and the fire ball diameter appeared to be supposedly 2,800 feet. "J.R." reported to “The Gentleman's”: "... I assume that it arose in the atmosphere over the German Ocean..." It soon became obvious that the meteorite was noticed over all British Isles.

It should be noticed once again that the Great Comet has two dates: 1783 and 1784. This is not the only one contradiction. None of the witnesses mentioned that there were two fire balls. But the pictures of 1783 object (painted in the same manner, in the entourage of the Windsor Castle) show that there are two cometary bodies. One goes ahead with a long interrupted tail and the other, roundish and tailless, seems to be following the leader.



And this is just the beginning of inconsistency in evidence. In the town of Inn the object passed right over people's heads, but according to Canterbury resident's estimations it exploded about over Boulogne. But the picture made in the Windsor Castle (which is situated right on the passage line) shows the object to be located from the outside at about 30 degrees above the horizon. The picture shows it flying by the Windsor. Provided that the witnesses tell the truth, it is impossible to receive such point of view being in the Windsor Castle.



And there's more to come. The same picture, but the entire one, clearly shows that there are three celestial bodies, not two.



And there are three of them here either. May the left side object be the Moon?



And this is the right time to take a look at the double Istanbul Comet of 1556 once again.
(Продолжение в отрывке 6 в теме)
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 10:06 COMETS OF THE 19th CENTURY

The next comet after 1783 is the one of 1811 (it came 28 years later, which is the magic number relating to the amount of days in lunar month). It brought horror upon people in many places. The American Indians unambiguously connected its arrival with hunger and high mortality coming.



And here is the Comet dated by next year, 1812. It is vague what is the truth here but it should be noticed that 1812 is the year of not only fires and frosts, but also greatest wars in Russia and in the New World.



The next disaster began with the meteor shower of 1833 Leonid comet flow. This is the way it was seen on the 13th of November in London.



This is the same event above the Niagara. It is curious that depicted meteorite bodies tend to make undulating movements.



The fiery radiance on the English icon dedicated to the Trinity looks the same.



And this is the most curious image of the same event, which apparently took place above the Niagara as well. Keep your eye out for the upper part of the dome. It is difficult to find any reasonable explanation for this phenomenon.



The meteor shower behaves inexplicable on a number of images as if it had more than one source.



In 1835, two years after the meteor show, a comet passed which is indicated as "Alarming comet" on the picture. This is Boguslawski Comet according to the reference book.



It sounds like the comet “Alarming” was really frightening. Here it is as well.



The Haley's Comet passed in the very same 1835. It is like this. В трех видах.



The Haley's Comet passed again next year - 1836. But its shape was far different.



It is clear that these three years (1833, 1835, 1836) happened to be rich in three large-scale cometary events. And, of course, it was followed by great shock.

THE APOCALYPSE № 128.

The 20-22nd of January, 1835. Large eruption of the COSIGUINA Volcano, Nicaragua. Its erupted masses were scattered wider than during Temboro eruption in 1815.
1835. Concepcion (Chile) was destroyed by an earthquake.
The 16th of November, 1835. The Haley's Comet.
1835. Russia. The hurricane split 5 districts in Vitebsk Province: Lepel, Polotsk, Vitebsk, Surazhsk and Nevel. The split was more than 66.29 miles long and form 0.66 to 1.33 miles wide.
1835. Russia. Severe winter. Planting and orchards got frozen, people used to freeze.
1836. Russia. Extreme hot summer. Fires.
1836. Mass psychosis, epidemic of suicides in Oran, Algeria.
1837. The earthquake in the south of Syria killed thousands of people.
The 18-20th of August, 1837. The hurricane in Virginia and North Carolina (Calypso Hurricane).
1837. The hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico.
The 8-9th of October, 1837. The hurricane in the Caribbean basin.
1837. The cholera epidemics in Sicily took place.
March, 1838. The great flood in Buda and Pest.
1839. A two-day storm at the Irish and English coasts.
1839. An earthquake on Martinique perished half of Royal Port.
1839. Ukraine. Heavy showers resulted in an unexampled flood in Kiev, which started on the 25th of May.
The 29-30th of August, 1839. A tropical cyclone fell on Charleston (South Carolina) and Norfolk.
1839. A great fire in New York.
1839. India. A 40-foot stormy wave perished Coring's port and 20,000 ships, 300,000 people dead.
1839, 1840 and 1841 are "the years of hunger" in Russia. Winter crops perished. Drought and fires are usual events.
1840. A "dancing epidemics" struck Madagascar Island.
The 1840s. Plague caused mass deaths in the Caucasus.
1840. A mass psychosis in the North America.

It must be noticed, that most of this information is highly deniable. The eruption dates of volcanoes and hurricanes have been corrected in a VERY LARGE scale and it happened not so long ago. Many of the cataclysms are unlikely to have ever happened since they are duplicated and it is hard to determine their precise dates. Some of the events are just missing.
A good example is a colossal eruption in Nicaragua followed by a whole series of climatic cataclysms in Russia in 1835-1836. But somehow the Cosiguina's eruption did not wake the neighboring volcanoes and was not followed by any large-scale storm in the Atlantic. It should be noticed, that there were hurricanes in Russia in 1835, though no hurricane in both Americas. The hurricanes would start there only two years later. The reason is plain. A series of important political events took place in 1835 in America and, judging from the gaps in climate dates, the winners modified the chronology of victories and defeats slightly.
Soon, another Great Comet would pass in March, 1843 and it would be truly Great. Its speed was colossal and it was like the Comet of 1680 by this (as well as by external parameters).



Another image of this Comet is presented below and there is oddity here: the comets fly in different directions. As if it was portrayed in opposite hemispheres.



And, finally, it is one of two most important comets of the century – two-core Biela Comet in January, 1846. It was portrayed as an indistinct lonesome spot in this register, but this is not actually accurate. To tell the truth, the description of this comet is carefully avoided.



This comet is separating and gammadionish, in fact. It was already shown what events usually accompany double comets and it was also described the way gammadion-like comets are formed. Broken rotating cometary bodies are the essential part for this.



Moreover, this comet is one of the most strange objects. It is believed to have a short period of approximately 6.5 years. It passed in 1852 again, but didn't appear in 1858 somehow (the Donati Comet, which is highly speculative and spurious, passed instead). And in 1872 the remains of the comet made a meteorite shower (the connection between the shower and the comet was calculated by shower radiant).
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 10:07 Some of the American researchers make a direct connection between this meteorite shower and a series of unexplained fires on the 8th of October, 1871 (we can see this fatal date again). This version is highly doubtful but it is clear that the gammadion-like Comet of Biela is utterly tried to be concealed. The greater part of its images is just like this one, demonstrating the stage of decay. This comet will be discussed later.



The next one is the comet of 1853 with quite an interesting structure. There is one essential moment: it is frequently referred to as the Donati Comet that will pass 5 years later. One of possible explanations could be that the history was shuffled until 1870s, thus a lot of duplicates and mistakes were committed. Explanation of abnormal density of the 19th century cometary events can be found here.



The same comet was then portrayed and published in a private diary. However that may be, but this looks more like evidence fabrication. It's high time for comets to have strict adjustment worldwide according to documents of private people (not only in Italy and Britain). One should agree that event of such a large scale had to be reflected in diaries of intelligent elite but in Russia, for example, there is no such record found.



And here is the same comet presented in caricature style.



This is one of the most important images because humor is intolerable to fusty ideas, and this method was used at least four times: in 1811, in 1835, in 1853 and in 1861. These are the missing images. The first, coming, is 1811...



Now it is 1835.



And 1861. As you can see, the joke, which was thumbed by journalists at the very first magazine edition, lived for 50 years.



And this is another caricature dedicated to the non-come Biela Comet of 1857.



The way caricaturists make fun of her shows us the scale of horror people suffered concerning this comet. It is believed that it was the very reason Britisher Richard Morrison had chosen a gammadion for the Gammadion Order (which is also known as the Brotherhood of the Mystical cross).

And also, the Donati Comet of 1858, of course. Ionic whiskers are clearly seen – they were mythologized in China and called the Whiskers of the Heaven Dragon.



This comet is speculative. According to some estimations this is a twin of the Haley's Comet following it (in the chronicles) with the interval of 23-25 years. If this is correct, then three most large-scale volcanic disasters in the world (Vesuvius, 1631; Santorini and Fuji, 1707; Lucky, 1783) happened just in the year of its passage.
But the situation is more complicated. It is written that this comet was presumably assigned the rotation period of 2,000 years. Then it was "defined more accurately" making up 1950 years. However, this is not the whole truth since it was strictly identified as the Comet of Carl V, who abdicated from his throne due to its passage in 1556. But at first the rotation period made up 292 years.
And miracles start here, because it is impossible to identify the lonesome whiskery Donati Comet as the double of comet in 1556, even by mistake. Compare.



But an Istanbul phenomenon could easily be identified as the Biela Comet of 1846, which passed in about 1848. The one is tailed and the other is tailless.



The matter is, it passed 290 (not 292) years later, such a backlash is quite allowable. Apparently, the matter is that the gammadionish double comet is directly connected with the Jesus Crucifixion's dating. That is why the Biela Comet was tabooed. So, we face no real space events, but a result of great historical forgery, called to fix another world revision in the middle of the 19th century.
There is very little doubt that the Biela Comet is the Double Istanbul Comet and the Donati is the very same Haley's Comet, which is depicted on many of the ancient sinister images. The miserable resemblance of the Haley's Comet, that we could see now, has no connection to its brutal brightly-colored neighbor (which threw fire on the South America in 1935). Only the rotating period is the same. If, assuming, that the perfect (from the point of view of numerology) period of this comet has a natural origin.

And finally: believe it or not, but all of the four comets has a proud name of Donati. But since the comet passes once in 1950 years then how did it manage to change so many masks? Were it ancient the ancient Acsumites who shot the picture in the right top corner? Were it even more ancient Sumerians who painted with the colorful pencils in the right bottom corner?



And, of course, this cometary enchanting spectacle is followed by a series of disasters worldwide.
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 10:08 APOCALYPSE №131

The 15th of January, 1857. The FUEGO Volcano's eruption in Guatemala.
1857. An earthquake in Tokyo. About 107,000 people died.
1857. An earthquake in Naples (Italy). 11,000 people died.
1857. An earthquake in California of 7.9 points.
1857-1860. Demon possession in Morcin.
1857-1858. A mass psychosis in America.

1858. The Donati Comet (C/1858 L1). A huge comet, covering one third of the sky. Up to 7 luminous shells were observed simultaneously around the comet's core. According to witnesses the comet changed its shape but reached the closest position to the Earth on the 8-10th of October (and, again this date!) ADN THERE WERE NO DISASTERS. 1858 has no events to discuss.

1859-1860. Mass psychosis, suicides epidemics in Vienna.
1860. Mass psychosis, slaughter of the Christians in Libya and Syria.
The 8th of May, 1860. The KATLA Volcano erupted in Iceland.
1860. The largest tornado in Iowa in the history.

1860 Frederic Church Meteor



Quitting Donati comet and moving further, new blunders arise. This is the Comet of 1861. It presented in two hypostases.



The identity of these comets is not obvious and a far different parallel should be drawn between the image of 1861 and 1853. And it will be shown further that this is the same comet.



As usual, comet's passage is followed by disasters.

1861. The Belfry of the Chechester Cathedral fell down during the storm.
1861. The earthquake destroyed Mendoza (Argentina) completely.
The 28th of October, 1861. Hurricane in the USA upset the military fleet coordination.
The 28th of December, 1861. The MAKIAN Volcano erupted in Indonesia.
1861. Hysterics epidemics in the Pavlograd district.
1862. The hurricane struck Canton causing deaths of 40,000 people.

Immediately after it showers of meteorites on the 16th of July, 1862. Just the same shower as that of 1833 (also accompanied by a large comet passage).



The remains of the gammadionish Biela Comet fall upon the Earth on the 27th of November, 1872, which are called "the balls of the heaven fire". And this magnificent event is accompanied by not large, but impressive series of eruptions (which take place from Italy to Kamchatka), fires (throughout the America), hurricanes and earthquakes.



Perhaps, there is only one space event left in the 19th century that should be paid attention at: the Great Comet of 1881.



It is better to examine this comet together with the fire from the heaven, that passed over Germany a couple of years ago. The Comet of 1881 is very likely to have awaken the same force that was awaken in antiquity (right after "fire from the sky" had fallen).



On the 14th of March, the same 1881 a meteorite fell in Yorkshire. Now it rests in the town museum.
In April, 1881 in Khios (Turkey) a magnitude 7.3 earthquake struck with 8,000 people killed.
In June, 1881 Iowa (USA) survived tornado and 17-inch hail (the final size is under dispute).
In August, 1881 six hurricanes struck Georgia and South Carolina (USA), leaving 700 people dead.
In September, 1881 in Haiphong (Vietnam) a storm killed about 300,000 people.
In October, 1881 the Great Britain survived one of the most horrible storms in its history. Near 30,000 fallen trees were counted.
In December, 1881 a magnitude 7.9 earthquake struck India.

In June, 1882 a Great Bombay Cyclone took place. The sea killed about 100,000 people.
And in September, 1882 another great comet passed. The photograph made in Cape Town on the 7th of November does not impress at all. Though it was seen when it flew by the Sun.



Well, in 1883 everything finished with the grand eruption of Krakatoa. This is a standard catastrophic scheme that humanity survived 134 times (according to the source). The "Minor Ice Age" ends here, finally.

THE APOCALYPSE 2012

It is high time to end up with the legend about the Apocalypse of 2012, which was created on the base of 24-times repetition of the Uranus' cycle till 83,5-84,0 AD (the number of conditional space hours). Do not get confused that the result is 2004-2016 and not 2012, - corrections in 4, 8, 12 and 16 years are a normal thing in the Christian chronology. This colossal Math construction is closely connected with a mass of magic numbers (7, 12, 19, 24, 33, 52, 60, 64, 72, 76, 84, 100, 144, 168, 216… up to the Great Indiction and Meton Cycles) and it as impossible to create it without backlashes.
Surely, in October, 2011 the comet-twin may pass, though the further are explorations, the less it's believable.
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 10:09 SUMMING UP…

There were fixed much more big comets, but a lot of pictures are not freely accessed – probably because they all look too much alike, and most likely there were not parts of the comets. Though, it is enough for the simplest analysis. Thus, we have several types of comets:

- straight long (1456, 1680, 1769, 1811, 1843, 1881);
- straight of medium length (1471, 1532, 1618, 1652, 1665, 1682, 1811, 1835, 1853, 1858, 1882);
- short with a big head (1066, 1652);
- double (1456, 1556, 1577, 1846, 1852);
- half-round big (1519, 1577, 1836, 1858);
- a ring and wave Snake (1519, 1665, 1682);
- female with cubs (1783);
- fan-shaped (1744, 1861);
- meteorite shower (1561, 1833, 1862, 1872);

- ALSO the one with a human head got in comics (1811, 1835, 1853, 1861).

And even the most primitive graph allows seeing surprising things.



Meteorite showers take place three times at once happen next to the years of comics where the comet is depicted with a human head (red ovals). More than that, the same rows correlate with big half-round comets.
The last four comets with straight long tails move with similar period (it is underlined with a blue line).
The last four comets with straight tails of medial length almost exactly remind the four comets with the same tails 200 years before (orange lines).
Three types of events (meteorite showers, half-round big comet and a double one) have identical pause about 275 years: between 1550-1575 and 1825-1850 (three green lines).
There are no pictures in 1682-1744, though the comets themselves exist.

Well, let’s examine the part of the same graph in more details deducting unnecessary things and inducting parallel revolutions. Don’t you find too many coincidences? It would be good if two-three elements coincided, but here the correlation is observed in fifteen cases.



By the way, thanks to this graph it becomes clear that the external similarity of the comet 1861 with the Lincoln’s head and the one dated by 1853 is not occasional. These comets are from two neighboring identical events.

The author’s conclusion: the history of the Europe before 1858 is not true. And now the linear correlations, for example, between the comets and social coups in France do not look like a nice joke any more.

A big comet passed in 1881, it was 10 years after the revolution of 1871.
A big comet passed in 1858, it was 10 years after the revolution of 1848.

A big comet passed in 1843, it was 5 years before the regime change in 1848.
A big comet passed in 1811, it was 5 years before the regime change in 1816.

A big comet passed in 1835, it was 5 years after the regime change in 1830.
A big comet passed in 1853, it was 5 years after the regime change in 1848.

A big comet passed in 1848, it was EXACTLY the year of the revolution in 1848.
A big comet passed in 1870, it was only a year before the revolution in 1871.

All these paradoxes are artificial. And now when all of them are over, it is the time of really paradoxical versions.

LIQUID PLANET

Theoretically the Haley’s Comet (or its sister) can be a reality and so - a source of endless problems like from the Pandora’s box. Yes, astrological precision of the Haley's Comet's passage is almost unbelievable. The Earth travels at 29.8 km / sec, and the Haley's Comet - 41.6 km / sec. The orbits are very different, the size of the orbits is cosmic. We must see each other from time to time ... and yet, where is such a rigid connection?
This connection could be possible because of the mutual synchronization. A good example is a famous accident on the bridge when the engines of a big number of machines of the same brand synchronized the work, entered into a resonance and brought down the bridge because of a common framework (the bridge). This is a well-known phenomenon: that is why machines, in particular, forging hammers, are not put on a common foundation.
It is clear that the interaction of bodies needs a common environment, and the first candidate for such an environment is the Haley’s Comet’s flow itself, which occurs three times in the Earth year. Despite the sparseness, the flow has enormous mass and can behave as a single entity. Due to this fact only the wave processes exist in cometary flows.
Synchronizing function can be also performed by gravity. For example, here is map of the distribution of gravity on the planet. Wave processes can be clearly seen.



It could be standing waves, and perhaps something similar to the experiment with a scoop of water in zero gravity: it is enough to drop it with a pipette, and a wave will move in one direction in the form of a hump, then to another, and it will happen endlessly ...
We're used to the idea that the Moon creates tides, but then the Earth's interior is not like the steel ball from the bearing. Cometary flow must be movable as well and it would be better called “alive”. After each meeting of the Earth and the Haley’s Comet’s flow (three times a year) the mutual gravitational perturbation MUST generate a wave. And if there is mutual synchronization, we will always meet with the Haley's Comet and its sister. And now there is a break.

In 1910 from April 20 to May 10, the Haley's Comet has passed, but nothing special happened.
In 1935, The Haley’s Comet’s twin passed (a stream of alpha-Aurigides), in the South America there has fallen a big cometary body, but there did not happen a world-wide disaster.
In 1986, The Haley's Comet has passed, and again there were no problems.
In 2011, apparently, as usual, in October, there should pass a hypothetical comet-twin again, but any surprises should be expected from it. But for psychosis in religious communities, its passage in 1858 could be considered relatively mild. It was huge and scary, but safe. Well, in 1935, twins generally behaved as a puppy.
There are reasons for optimism. Judging from mass scientific psychosis as for the “Global Warming”, “Minor Ice Age” is back and the planet returns to its natural climatic regime.
Of course, the climate will not be the same, and the savanna will not turn into the Sahara because of the unchangeable processes, which took place in past. Unfortunately, there are a lot of proofs to support the theory about the shift of geographical poles of the planet during one of the previous catastrophes. One of them is described below.
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 10:11 EQUATOR LINE TO 1707

The first version of the argument in favor of changing the location of the poles is Chandler oscillation. The axis of rotation is experiencing precession, and, it is with a period equal to the period of the passage of the Haley's Comet.
The second argument is a rapidly melting glacier in Greenland and melting glaciers in Marie Byrd Land in Antarctica, its coordinates are EXACTLY opposite to Greenland. The overall conclusion of the supporters of the theory is that the former planet's north pole was just in Greenland and south - respectively - in Marie Byrd Land. Just so there appeared glaciers, and precisely because of the shift the poles are now melting.
The third argument is that the geographical focus of a great number of monuments of the past is that they point to Greenland as the north pole. It is not just about the Aztecs and their ancient pyramids and theaters in Athens and Pompeii, but also too old mosques of Istanbul.



The fourth argument is multiple tracks of typical adjustments in the medieval maps. Hence there are a lot of mass effects, the main of which is another situation of the equator (wave), and, more recently, not earlier than Mercator era (1512-1594).



By the way, the old Russian maps preserved evidence in the form of an entirely different degree grid. There is even a suggestion that the figure "4" meant "5" – otherwise it was impossible to explain the 40 degrees of latitude, where today there are 50.

And it turns out that we are not quite true in explaining a lot of chronicle evidences.

THE ASTRONOMY AND HOROSCOPES

For example, horoscopes in the Mercator's time showed a completely different time, which leads to the mass of new problems with dating. Perhaps the lengthening of history itself has fallen into the hands of the European historians, and they took advantage of it.
Constantly dealing with documents, the author has long suspected that the Bernal Diaz's record of Cortez’s campaign in Mexico consisted of two separate texts - the dates don't match. Now the author is at an impasse. He has to take into account that the editors of Bernal Diaz could be non-guilty of dates' bifurcation.

CALENDARS

Now our knowledge of old calendars is of little worth, and chronology change problem faced by the Mayas' leaders and Egyptians, and Romans seems not to be a joke. By the way, there is this total problem of five "inserted" days - from Mexico to Rome. And there is the paradox of the Nile floods, which are now occurring with a shift in a month. There are seasonal differences in well-known historical events: in one version it was autumn, and on the other - in the summer. This is the case with the dates of the eruption of Vesuvius in 1631, and the Great Fire of Moscow in 1547. But if the sky, and after it, the trajectory of the Sun "moved out" for a good 20 degrees, it cannot be otherwise. Perhaps, here is the answer to the question of why brother-in-law of the Mexican President Leopold Bartres has changed the number of steps (it's a fact!!!) of the Pyramid of the Sun while performing the task of restoration of the Aztecs' monuments. Now there are 365 steps, as it should be…
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 10:11 CLIMATE ZONE

Correspondingly, the scorched tropical Mexico has been in a fertile climate zone of San Francisco before. And the lakes, where there had been the Island City of Meshiko before,m disappeared not because of being spilled, though in the same way as the Aral Sea is disappearing nowadays. Let’s recall the chinampies - floating beds of the Mayas - right on the water! –where they had previously gathered several harvests a year. Now there is dry land there. And we can remember the agricultural disaster in South America, which is explained by the scientists that the Indians suddenly began to disturb agricultural techniques and began to take from the land more than it could give.
And - it is important! – the Spanish are not to blame for the troubles of the Indians, as they are thought to be: the nature also contributed to the changes in the America. So, Fernando Cortez should be exonerated from accusation of the rich native Americans' culture destruction. Yes, this famous Conquistador was tough, but it was not him who destroyed the economy and culture.
Humid climate in Sudan becomes explicable, too - some 400 years ago, and also campfires of "antique" Bedouins where hydrophilous acacias (in the Sahara!!!) were burnt. All becomes explained.
And finally, the most embarrassing moment: if the axis is changed indeed, then it's impossible to talk about the end of the Minor Ice Age, based on the ice cores in Greenland. Dust and ash from volcanoes shrink toward the poles along the magnetic lines - the closer they are to the pole, the higher the contamination of cores is. And if, for example, in 1783, the pole shifted, the data on dust cores, ranging from a layer dated by 1783, should be taken not in Greenland, but in the current location of the pole.

TRADE WINDS, MONSOONS AND NAVIGATION

There was a completely different picture of air masses displacement. Under the old position of the equatorial line the trade winds and monsoon winds were blowing very differently and essentially, the New World could be much more accessible. Now, while reconstructing medieval seafaring voyages, it is necessary to take it into consideration.



TRADE-WINDS AND DESERTS

The importance of the trade-winds in the deserts' genesis is already known. In the “horse latitudes” (30-33 degrees) cold and dry air masses come down from the stratosphere – from the 12 km high. Further on they move into two opposite directions – to the equator line and to the latitudes of 60 degrees catching moisture and warmth. If these masses get down to the sea they can catch moisture. So, the deserts appear ONLY in those regions where these dry air masses come down to the land and have no moisture to catch.
The red arrows at the map mean the trade-wind having no moisture – that's why there're deserts there. At the same time the blue arrows point to the trade-wind getting down to water and reaching the land in afterward being wet. There're no deserts there, of course.



However, if the Earth's rotational axis were different, the trade-winds would move in some other way. When the North Pole was situated in Greenland the trade-winds provided rain climate for Mexico, Morocco, the Patagonia and the Southern Africa.



For, example, the Mexico City stood in the middle of the great lake in 1827.



So, the reasons why the cities of the Central Asia and Upper Egypt decayed become clear. There're plenty of dried riverbeds around Luxor at the moment. The irony of it is that rains are extremely rare: once in 7-10 years, but the riverbeds are typical for moist climate.



The same is for the Central Asia. Loook at the fragment of the Caspian Sea map dated by 1740: the most amazing is the eastern coast. Now it's a very dry region: only the oilfield crews live there because of almost absence of drink water. However, there were a lot of rivers there – 270 years ago only!



During the previous location of the North Pole both Egypt and Central Asia where very wet due to some other directions of the trade-winds catching moisture in the Persian Gulf.



In its turn, the Persian Gulf's coasts were also much more rainy – judging from the location of the excavated ancient cities.
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 10:12 TWO PRINCIPAL QUESTIONS

There remain only two questions: what could cause the Earth to change the axis of rotation, and how humanity has survived?
Perhaps a comet is guilty, and there is no need in a heavy blow. It is believed that the Earth is arranged as a bullet for an AK-74: wrapper, filler and a solid core. When such a bullet meets an obstacle (even grass), the core is slightly shifted, and this is enough to change the trajectory. That is why terrorists and guerrillas prefer the old AKM.

In the picture there is one of the bolides, a few hundred meters in diameter. And there are dozens of fireballs scattered on the planet. Could them play a role of a "grass" in our path? Why not? As it is written in the Chinese manuscript "Huainanzi": "The Heaven broke, Earth broke. Sky heeled over on the north-west. The sun and moon and stars moved ... the fire was burning without abating. "



There is another version about the cause of the axis displacement: the Dzhanibekov's effect. Astronaut Dzhanibekov discovered the following phenomenon: a rotating nut flying in zero gravity through 40 cm path energetically flips and flies further, now rotating in the opposite direction. After another 40 centimeters the nut rolls again - and so all the time. The key of the phenomenon is that the rotation of the body relatively to the main axis with an average moment of inertia (i.e., neither the smallest nor biggest) is unstable. And the Earth is in this category of bodies with an average moment of inertia.
On the other hand, the planet Earth, with its separate rotating core is also a gyroscope. American astronauts, following Dzhanibekov demonstrated an experiment with a gyroscope, and ... no visible coups. The gyroscope is not only upside, it successfully resists even attempts to change the mounting angle!
It is clear that the forces that caused the Dzhanibekov's effect could not disappear anywhere in the gyro, and its resisting attempts to change the inclination angle of the rotation axis simply means that the applied impact is reflected in the inner element of the gyroscope. So, in the case with the planets core can roll, it is by the way shown in a periodic change of the magnetic poles of the Earth.
The answer to the second question - how has the mankind survived? - is a little more optimistic. If the axis went aside not instantaneously, but, say, twenty days, the rate of precession was not great - 4-5 km / hour. This is only 0.3% of the Earth's rotational speed. It was enough to drown half of the Europe, but the humanity as we see, survived. However, the Earth, as lesser-known studies show, is fairly stable, even has its own "live" structure. Probably, we should talk about another theory.

SECRET GONDWANA

Everyone knows the Gondwana: the continents are connected, as parts of the once torn whole. But there is a problem: the Gondwana granite slabs themselves - they lie on the basalt pillow. But there is no granite in the ocean - only basalt pillow.
QUESTION: Who put the granite slab of the Gondwana on the indigenous, entirely basalt covering of the planet?
There were attempts to regard it as meteoric material – as if it has fallen down. But the calculations showed the impossibility of this version: if to let such a monstrous weight, even at a construction crane speed, the heat will simply evaporate the earth. Furthermore, why was it one-sided: on half of the planet there was the Gondwana, while on the other half – there was not?
However, in 1933, Otto Hilgenberg found that the Gondavana connected not only through the Atlantic Ocean, it connected by ALL its parts - the rear too. Just for granite crust to cover the entire planet, its surface must be less than three times. This is how the theory of the expanding earth appeared. It suggests that granite crust of the Gondwana covered the Earth completely, but afterwards the planet started enlarging like dough and the crust broke, as the result the continents have spread.



There is a model: a rubber balloon wrapped with paper. If to make incisions in the paper, and then begin to inflate the balloon, the paper breaks just into the continents. There is even a series of globes, which demonstrates this process. But the trouble is that the topic is generally forbidden, the Hilgenberg's theory is declared as nonsense, and suddenly a few thousand of scientific papers on the matter became unavailable.



The theory of the expanding earth is rather relevant for us. The matter is that on the continents the difference in the evolution of species is perfectly seen, and therefore, the land swells up very quickly, in parallel to evolution. There is a mass of evidences on the islands of the Oceania, India, the Australia (the marsupial), and even in the America, where only 12 species of the ungulates. The natural conclusion is the age of the Earth as a planet cannot be measured in billions of years. The Earth is not "solid".
It is a good reason to be more careful while testing climate and tectonic weapons, well, and a reasonable cause for optimism. The fact that the evolution of species did not stop, even in spite of such large-scale changes, means that life and intellect will prevail. Maybe, not necessarily in the shape of Homo Sapiens, but they will win.
Well, seriously, it is worth remembering the rescues’ aphorism: earthquakes do not kill, houses do. Speaking in other words, we can say that the problem is not the disasters, the problem is how we are prepared for them, and how we response. If we are not ready, then being seized by panic we just multiply the number of victims with our own hands doing what can be described as a social disaster. Though, this is the theme for another book...
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 10:13 AUTHOR'S NOTE
For the day the problem of the forged history is enlightened in two books - “There's No More History” and “Disaster”. Both of them are the result of author's researching activity during many years. The former versions were in the form of the historical novels undersigned with various pen-names. In the process of writing the author had often to check up the facts and to penetrate the implication of historic events. Of course, when the investigation of truth is just an ordinary work the skills are sharpened quite rapidly. Finally, the hunt for obvious forgeries and funny historic paradoxes became the author's hobby. So, the present book is based upon almost 20 thousand of various sources censoriously read during last 8-9 years.



The author expresses his sincere acknowledgments to A.T. Fomenko – for the initial pulse to think over the matter in whole; A.A. Bushkov – for impelling to cast a look at the Russian history; also to Ya.A. Kessler, A.M. Tiurin, and of course, Eugeniy Gabovich... However, the conclusions of this researching process greatly differ.
Certainly, there's room for mistakes – because of the matter is quite voluminous. However, even if to consider 90% of the book the mix of mistakes and superficiality, the other 10% is enough to terminate the contemporary “official” history and to begin creating the new one.
***
The key words are often in their initial form for the reader can easy find the original sources of information by means of usual web-search. In the Forum Section of livehistory.ru one can find 54 databases containing 54 thousand of the dated events. Everything is available for free download. In case the authors mentioned in the present book direct the necessity of adjustment or amendment – everything will be done immediately.

English version by Viktor Belinskyy
http://www.free-lance.ru/users/viktor_belinsky
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Елена Вагапова
Елена Вагапова 20 апреля 15, в 08:43 Очень интересно. Жаль, что не читаю по-анлийски. Текст скрыт развернуть
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Юрий Ильинов
Юрий Ильинов Елена Вагапова 20 апреля 15, в 08:50 Нора, в "Эксклюзиве" это всё уже есть на русском. Просто, я готовлю полное собрание хронологических сочинений Андрея Степаненко, поэтому публикую также и английскую статью, которая к первой статье здесь "Русские цари" отношения не имеет. Текст скрыт развернуть
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Елена Вагапова
Елена Вагапова Юрий Ильинов 20 апреля 15, в 08:53 Спасибо, почитаю. Текст скрыт развернуть
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